Marriage, pluralism and human rights in Europe

Principal investigator

Prof. Mateusz Stępień – Department of Sociology of Law, Jagiellonian University


Anna Juzaszek, PhD candidate – Department of Sociology of Law & Doctoral School in the Social Sciences, Jagiellonian University (coordinator)


Amal Yousef Omar Alqawasmi, PhD candidate in Law and Pluralism. School of Law, The University of Milano-Bicocca. PhD in Islamic Jurisprudence, The University of Jordan



Ewa Górska, PhD – Future Law Lab, Jagiellonian University


Jan Bazyli Klakla, PhD candidate – Center for Social and Economic Research


Francesca Miccoli, PhD candidate - NASP - Network for the Advancement in Social and Political Studies, University of Milan


Prof. Annelies Moors – Department of Anthropology, University of Amsterdam


Rehana Parveen, PhD - Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham


Prof. Susan Rutten - Faculty of Law, Maastricht University


Prof. Yafa Shanneik – Centre for Theology and Religious Studies, Lund University, Sweden


Federica Sona, PhD – Law & Anthropology Department at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology & Visiting Fellow at Harvard Law School


Katarzyna Struzińska - Department of Sociology of Law, Jagiellonian University


Paulina Szydłowska-Klakla, PhD – Institute of Psychology, Pedagogical University of Krakow


Pol van de Wiel, PhD - Faculty of Law, Maastricht University


Vanessa Vroon-Najem, PhD - Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam


David E Zammit, PhD - Department of Civil Law, University of Malta

Research funding entity

Priority Research Area ‘Heritage’, Strategic Programme Excellence Initiative, Jagiellonian University

Summary of the project

The project aims to create a research group consisting of scientists from several European countries, who will work together on the issue of diversity of marriages and marriage-like relationships with its connections to human rights and various kinds of pluralism in Europe from the perspective of the interactions between law, society, and culture.


The main research questions facing the group are:

  1. How social, religious, and cultural pluralism in Europe influences marriage and other relationship designs?
  2. What are the dangers and positive aspects of the pluralism of relationship designs in the context of European human rights?
  3. What is and should be the legal response to the pluralism of relationship designs in Europe?


The topic which will be studied by the group considers:

  1. the reactions of the European states to the emergence of more diverse relationship designs in increasingly pluralistic societies from the perspective of human rights;
  2. the developments in the legal sphere concerning relationship types not recognized by state authorities;
  3. the marital situation of immigrants and refugees in European countries, such as Germany, Malta and Spain;
  4. Muslim religious norms regarding marriages.


During the project, the research group will meet at regular online seminars and take part in a special workshop. The main effect of the project will be the preparation of a collection of articles published in a recognized publishing house.